In all respects, Wolfang Amadeus Mozart had a life filled with contrasts. He only lived 35 years but left over 600 completed compositions and 132 unfinished compositions. Throughout his childhood he was very famous while at the end of his life he suffered from misery and oblivion.
He has gone down in history as a musical genius representing the end of the Classical period and the beginning of Romanticism.
The marriage between Leopoldo Mozart and Ana Maria Pertl gave birth to seven children. Only two of them survived: Ana Maria and Wolfang Amadeus, the smaller one. The father dedicated his entire life to music. He had studied song, organ and composition at a Benedictine college in Salzburg. He then became court violinist where he gave singing and violin lessons to the children of the royal family.
Ana Maria, whom everyone affectionately called Nannerl, was 5 years older than Wolfang Amadeus. She was also an excellent pianist. However, due to her brother’s success, she had to give up her aspirations for fame. In reality, the family’s resources did not allow them to promote the two children.
A singular childhood
It all started when Wolfang Amadeus Mozart was 4 years old. He was sitting on his sister Nannerl’s lap as she followed her daily piano lesson. Very quickly, the child approached the piano and repeated the melody that his sister was just playing. Surprised by the situation, the young girl immediately describes to her father the prowess of the little prodigy.
From that moment, Leopoldo encouraged his son to learn music. He became the personal teacher of his son Wolfang, a model student. The kid loved music and didn’t need to be pressured to get to work. Before even knowing how to write, he already knew musical notes and sheet music. At the age of 6, he produced his first composition, a sonata for piano and violin. Her father couldn’t believe it.
Leopoldo organized performances for his two children. They were presented to the Archbishop of Salzburg who was the head of government for the region at the time. They then made various tours in Europe. Nannerl and Wolfang caught the attention of all government members who listened to them. Above all, the father wanted to make his children famous. He did not think about money and was very often paid for in jewelry of very little value.
Mozart’s brilliant career
The continuous journeys which were made throughout the childhood of Wolfang Amadeus Mozart had an impact on the deterioration of his state of health. He enjoyed his work like a game. But it is said, for example, that during one of his concerts in front of the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, he stumbled and fell. A young girl helped him up and to thank her he promised to marry her when they were old enough. This young girl then became Queen Marie-Antoinette of France and therefore the promise was never kept.
When Mozart was 19, he could already count on more than 200 personal compositions. He made a trip to Italy and it was there that he began to build himself solidly as a composer. Later, his father had to live with his ban on leaving Salzburg. Wolfang therefore continued his tours with his mother.
Mozart’s sentimental life was hazardous and unimportant. He lived romances with women who were dedicated to music. He married Constanza Weber in 1782. However, she was not really a life companion for him. They had 6 children together but only 2 of them survived.
A sad end
Although Mozart was very popular as a musician in Europe, the state of his finances was constantly dire. He and his wife weren’t particularly good at saving money. They have always had great economic difficulties. And this, despite the success of his works: Les noces de Figaro, Don Giovanni or Little Night Serenade .
It is said that when he was about to finish The Magic Flute , a mysterious man appeared and entrusted him with the composition of a mass for the deceased for which he paid the fees. Mozart killed himself in the task, he worked without rest and composed his famous Requiem . At that time he was already very seriously ill. The acute rheumatic fever did not even allow him to play the piano anymore.
On December 4, 1791, he invited one of his pianist friends to perform the Requiem he had composed (because he was unable to do so). It is said that when his friend reached the “touching” part, he started to cry. His friends left him in the course of the evening and he died in the morning. On the day of his burial, a very powerful thunderstorm erupted and no one accompanied him to the cemetery. His remains were placed in a mass grave.