Memory is still a mysterious and fascinating psychological process , which never ceases to amaze us. This ability to make objects, events and situations that have already occurred available to consciousness is a wonderful talent. Much progress has been made in its study. So some argue that there are two great laws of memory.
The human being manages, thanks to memory, to maintain an integral vision of his existence. The ability to conjure up events that have already happened is what allows us to establish a line of continuity in life. The past is what binds us to the present and generates the seeds of the future. An individual’s personality therefore also eventually disintegrates when it loses its memory.
Memory also plays a fundamental role in learning . This involves, among other processes, an association of already known data with new information. We learn something when this is stuck in memory. It is then that the two great laws of memory become important: the liveliness of the impression and the perception of the first sensations. Let’s see this in more detail.
Some aspects relating to memory
As we have already mentioned, memory is fundamental in association processes. This is also crucial for the assimilation of experiences. We are experiencing something and it leaves an imprint. Our memory is activated when we find ourselves in a similar situation. We link past and present experience. Memory will allow us to take the necessary action if it is about something negative.
Memory has four stages. It is :
- Fixing memory . It is the process by which something is perceived and remains in memory and becomes available data.
- Conservation memory. It is the one that allows us to store memories and preserve them over time. It seems indeed that everything remains fixed in the memory, but that we do not remember everything consciously.
- The memory of evocation. This is what makes it possible to highlight in the present memories stored in the past. It happens automatically, sometimes, or on purpose at other times.
- Recognition and location memory. It is the process of specifying the details of an evoked memory and placing them in context.
Science has also shown that a memory is fixed, preserved, can be evoked, recognized and localized more effectively if it meets the two aforementioned laws of memory : the vividness of the impression and the perception of the first sensations.
The liveliness of printing, one of the laws of memory
There is some debate as to whether the vividness of printing belongs to the laws of memory or the laws of association. Either way, the point is that this factor is decisive in remembering an image, event or experience.
The law of vivacity stipulates that the more the impression of a given, a fact or a situation is important, at the time of its perception, the more it will be strongly anchored in the memory. By impression we mean that affectation to which an individual is subjected when exposed to a certain reality.
For example, a surprise gives rise to a very vivid experience. Surprise involves perception, reason and emotion at a high intensity level. Therefore, everything we learn, accompanied by strong impressions, will be recorded with greater clarity.
The perception of the first sensations
The second of the great laws of memory is the perception of first sensations. These are those which come mainly from the skin, that is to say from the touch. Then the smell and the taste. These are basic sensations for survival. This is why they are the first to appear at the beginning of life.
Anything that has to do with these first sensations is more likely to stick in memory. What is touched, tasted or felt, penetrates more deeply into consciousness. Therefore, learning based on direct experience is much more effective than theoretical learning.
These two great laws of memory are not the only ones, but are two of the most important. Their p ELEVANCE is due to the fact that these two processes make the memory much deeper and more experience available, even after a long time. Therefore, if we want to memorize something, nothing better than to resort to these two laws of memory to achieve it.