The 6 Dimensions Of Psychological Well-being

The 6 dimensions of psychological well-being

When you think that someone is “in good shape” or “in good health”, you may automatically think of physical health. However, the concept of health encompasses physical health but also mental and emotional health, including dimensions such as self-acceptance, social skills or the perception of control over what is happening around us.


The World Health Organization (WHO) defines mental health as: “a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, and not just the absence of disease”.


Thus, psychological well-being brings together a set of sensations that refer to how we judge our life at a general level. Moreover, it is not necessarily linked to the fact of living pleasant situations or of satisfying our personal desires because this would  be something temporary. It concerns a set of larger dimensions.


“He who lives in harmony with himself lives in harmony with the universe”

-Marc Aurèle-


Psychologist Carol Ryff has studied the factors or dimensions that play a significant role in our quality of life. She created a questionnaire to measure the psychological well-being of people and concluded that six criteria were essential to achieve self-realization and personal potential of people. Studies conducted by this psychologist, using this questionnaire on emotional well-being, show that psychological well-being is related to age, gender, socio-economic status and ethnicity (Ryff et al. Singer, 2008).

The 6 dimensions of psychological well-being

The six dimensions that show us this psychological well-being are:

1. Self-acceptance

This dimension speaks of accepting all aspects of ourselves and of the past as it has been, without falling into the clutches of helplessness due to our willingness to change or intervene in something that is happening. is already produced.

Tell yourself that if you accept your body, your emotions and your thoughts, you will have a much more positive outlook on yourself. On the other hand, if you have low self-esteem and find it difficult to accept yourself, it is possible that this dissatisfaction makes you feel so lost that you do not know where to start to change these aspects about which you can. do something.

2. Control of what surrounds us

This dimension refers to the ability to cope in a difficult environment, having the ability to adapt to different circumstances.

If you have a great sense of control over your surroundings, you will feel capable of playing a role in that environment and dealing with complicated situations. If you find it difficult to have control over your surroundings, according to the psychological well-being questionnaire, you will find it more difficult to overcome the trials that will appear on a daily basis.


“Life is a journey ; if you fall in love with travel, you will be in love forever. ”

– Peter Hargerty –


3. Positive relationships with others

This dimension measures the ability of people to relate to others in an open and sincere way.

If you are able to maintain satisfying relationships with others, you will create bonds that provide you with greater emotional quality. This implies having a greater capacity for empathy and openness towards people. If you fall further down this scale, you may find it difficult to bond with people, open up, and confide in, in addition to having difficulty maintaining those relationships over time.

4. Autonomy

This dimension assesses the independence of people in different aspects of their life. It is about the feeling of being able to choose and to make its own decisions, to have its own criteria as well as a personal and emotional independence even if the others do not agree.

A high degree of autonomy implies that you are able to show greater strength to resist social pressure and your own impulses. If, on the other hand, you are not very autonomous, you may allow yourself to be guided more by the opinions of others, pay attention to what others say or think about you and let yourself be carried away by group pressure. .

5. Personal growth

This aspect measures the self-learning capacity of people, whether they are open to new experiences and new challenges or not.

As you develop your personal growth, it is possible that you will feel in a continuous learning, that you have the capacity to learn from everything you go through, and that you know that you have the capacity to improve yourself further. If you don’t have that sense of personal growth, you may feel stuck, unmotivated and weary, without envy, or without any capacity to learn or develop new growth patterns.

6. Life project

This point measures the need for people to find purpose in their life. People need to set clear and possible goals, in addition to being realistic.

If you recognize yourself in this dimension, it means that your life has meaning, that you have given meaning to your past, your present and your future. If you can’t find a clear goal, you probably feel like you’re not finding the right direction or feel lost.

What role does emotional intelligence play in the psychological well-being of people?

Emotionally intelligent people are more optimistic, have higher self-esteem and have a greater capacity for empathy, which helps improve psychological well-being. People who know how to identify their emotions feel more satisfied with themselves and, as a result, experience greater well-being on a general level.


“As you develop your personal growth, it is possible that you will feel in a continuous learning, that you have the capacity to learn from everything you go through and that you know that you have the capacity to improve yourself further.”


How can you improve your psychological well-being and have a fulfilling life?

  • Find your passion

    It can be your job, since you can spend hours there and it is better if that time is spent with something that motivates us. You can also find your passion in a field that you like: music, sport, manual activity …

  • Don’t try to change yourself

    Accept yourself in all your dimensions because you cannot change yourself. Trying to do this will only bring you discomfort and self-rejection. You will gain in well-being if you give your naturalness a chance. That way, all the positive things you are successful at doing will serve to improve your self-esteem, and the same will happen with negative things.

  • Surround yourself with people who give off good energy

    Positive relationships, being with people you love and who fulfill you are going to be an important factor that will play a vital role in your physical and emotional well-being. Toxic people interfere with your psychological well-being and add stress to your life.

  • Learn from your mistakes

    Everything does not always turn out the way we want it to. Knowing how to adapt to circumstances and manage your frustration will be essential to be happy and to have lower expectations in life. Keep in mind that you are not perfect, that no one is, and that you cannot change that: you only have the power to harness all the positive side of your own imperfection.

  • Dare to do new things

    Getting out of your comfort zone and exploring unfamiliar areas will keep you active and motivated. No matter how old you are, there are always new places to visit, new people to know, new things to learn. For example, trying out new activities, meeting people, changing routes to work, etc.

  • Believe in yourself

    You have incredible potential to explore, a lot of internal abilities, and a wonderful opportunity to grow as a person. Believe in yourself and in your possibilities. Visualize your goals and start moving slowly towards achieving them.

Psychological well-being, therefore, can bring you greater maturity, stability, and the capacity for personal knowledge. You just have to start with a little action. It is never too late to cultivate your physical, psychological, emotional and social well-being.

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