Perhaps one of the first curiosities about the job is that many are unsure whether to view it as a condemnation or a privilege. Although working involves effort, and often sacrifice, it is also true that not having a job creates significant difficulties and limitations for a person.
Workers have always existed. Moreover, a good part of the evolution, physical, mental and social of the human being is due to the productive activities. However, we are coming to a point where a lot of human tasks are delegated to machines. It is becoming more evident every day.
The work will not disappear, but it is possible that it will become more and more specialized and creative. We are already in a society where those with the most knowledge have an advantage. It will become more and more evident.
Schedules, one of the curiosities about work
Working hours have been the subject of debate since capitalism created the great mass of workers. Worker’s Day commemorates the tragic events of 1886 in Chicago (United States). Several workers lost their lives there when they went on strike to demand an 8-hour working day.
The working hours were not regulated a little over a century ago. People usually worked 12 hours, Monday through Sunday. Some even worked more, and this legally. Legal working hours, in effect in most parts of the world, are the result of hard workers’ struggles.
Wage, another workers’ conquest
Another curiosity about work relates to the salary. First of all, the word ‘salary’ comes from the Latin salarium , which means to pay with salt. It was indeed common in ancient Rome to pay soldiers with salt, as it was a rare and highly valued item as it allowed food to be preserved and flavored.
The wages of workers have seen various forms throughout history. Often these were goods, as in the case of salt. There was also the right to live in a house or occupy land.
In the early days of capitalism, every company had the freedom to pay workers as it wished. They could even pay for them with three meals a day. It was a disguised form of slavery.
The concept of a minimum wage first appeared in 1894 in New Zealand. The regulation of this basic income, however, was not regulated until the 20th century in many countries around the world.
There are many inequalities in the limit of this minimum wage, depending on the country. The highest minimum wage is in Geneva (Switzerland), with around 3,500 euros per month. The most unfavorable applies in Zambia, with 0.1 euro per month.
Other curiosities about work
We often think that the most dangerous job is that of the police. However, contrary to popular belief, the garbage collector jobs, taxi driver or server display of art work death rate higher.
Moreover, these are not the only dangerous activities. Some jobs are considered high pressure jobs, such as bus drivers, nurses, and assembly line workers.
These jobs are associated with high levels of stress in people with regard to high psychological demands. Those who perform these tasks are at a greater risk of developing heart disease, specifically atrial fibrillation.
The obsession with work is a typically contemporary phenomenon. Until recently, people attached great importance to rest. They only overworked themselves if it was strictly necessary. Today, many are anxious when they are not working and feel guilty when they are resting. Curious, isn’t it?